初中英语语法之定语从句

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所属分类:英语教程

定语是指在句子中用来修饰名词、代词的成分。
  例如:I will give my teacher a bunch of beautiful flower.(beautiful是定语)
  我给我的老师一束漂亮的花。
定语从句是指在一个句子中作定语的句子,定语从句要放在所修饰的词后。
  例如:I have met a doctor who is in the No.1 hospital.
  我认识了一位第一医院的医生。
定语从句的关系词:
  关系代词:who、which、whom、whose、that
  关系副词:when、where、why

相关例句

1. who 指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语。I prefer singers who can write their own lyrics.我更喜欢能写自己歌词的歌唱家。These are musicians who make us happy.这些是能让我们高兴的音乐家。People who eat a balanced diet are healthier.平衡饮食的人是健康的。
2. whom指人,在定语从句中作宾语。Do you know the young man (whom) we met at the gate?你认识我们在门口遇到的那个年轻人吗?Mr. Lee (whom) you want to see has come.你想见的李先生已经来了。
3. whose 指人,在定语从句中作定语。The girl whose mother is ill is staying at home today.她妈妈病了的那个女孩今天呆在家。I know the boy whose father is a professor.我认识他的父亲是教授的那个男孩。
4. which指物,在定语从中作主语或宾语。A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words.字典是给单词释义的一本书。Here is the book (which) the teacher mentioned yesterday.这是老师昨天提到的那本书。
5. that多指物,有时也指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语。I prefer music that has great lyrics. 我喜欢具有优美歌词的音乐。Carmen likes music that’s loud. Carmen喜欢大声的音乐。I like music that I can dance to. 我喜欢能伴舞的音乐。
6. when 指时间,在定语从句中作状语。I’ll never forget the time when we worked on the farm.我从来不会忘记我们工作在农场的那个时光。He arrived in Beijing on the day when I left.在我离开的那天他到的北京。7. where 指地点,在定语从句中作状语。This is the house where we lived last year.这是我们去年居住的那个房子。The factory where his father works is in the east of the city.他的父亲工作的工厂是在城市的东边。

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